How To Make Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics Cool At School

Science, mathematics, technology, and engineering are not cool subjects, according to today’s students. Female students are underrepresented in these subjects and careers, and students are opting for easier versions of these subjects, impacting the pool of qualified candidates for these fields.

Science and mathematics are not cool subjects,Guest Posting say students. Consequently, if these subjects are compulsory, students opt for an easier stream in secondary school and are less likely to transition to university science programs. In addition, female students are under-represented in areas such as mathematics, physics and astronomy. Around the world, the STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) are in grave trouble in secondary and tertiary institutions. But worse, STEM university graduates may not work in a field of their expertise, leaving STEM agencies and organizations to hire from a shrinking pool.

In 1995, 14 percent of Year 12 secondary school mathematics students studied advanced mathematics, while 37 percent studied elementary mathematics, according to the Australian Mathematical Science Institute. Fifteen years later, in 2010, 10 percent were studying advanced mathematics and 50 percent took the easier option of elementary mathematics. The Australian Mathematical Science Institute revealed that basic mathematics was growing in popularity among secondary students to the detriment of intermediate or advanced studies. This has resulted in fewer universities offering higher mathematics courses, and subsequently there are reduced graduates in mathematics. There have also been reduced intakes in teacher training colleges and university teacher education departments in mathematics programs, which have resulted in many low-income or remote secondary schools without higher level mathematics teachers, which further resulted in fewer science courses or the elimination of specific topics from courses. For some mathematics courses, this is producing a continuous cycle of low supply, low demand, and low supply.

But is it actually a dire problem? The first question is one of supply. Are universities producing enough quality scientists, technology experts, engineers, and mathematicians? Harold Salzman of Rutgers University and his research colleague, B. Lindsay Lowell of Georgetown University in Washington D.C., revealed in a 2009 study that, contrary to widespread perception, the United States continued to produce science and engineering graduates. However, fewer than half actually accepted jobs in their field of expertise. They are moving into sales, marketing, and health care jobs.

The second question is one of demand. Is there a continuing demand for STEM graduates? An October 2011 report from the Georgetown University’s Centre on Education and the Workforce confirmed the high demand for science graduates, and that STEM graduates were paid a greater starting salary than non-science graduates. The Australian Mathematical Science Institute said the demand for doctorate graduates in mathematics and statistics will rise by 55 percent by 2020 (on 2008 levels). In the United Kingdom, the Department for Engineering and Science report, The Supply and Demand for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Skills in the UK Economy (Research Report RR775, 2004) projected the stock of STEM graduates to rise by 62 percent from 2004 to 2014 with the highest growth in subjects allied to medicine at 113 percent, biological science at 77 percent , mathematical science at 77 percent, computing at 77 percent, engineering at 36 percent, and physical science at 32 percent.

Fields of particular growth are predicted to be agricultural science (food production, disease prevention, biodiversity, and arid-lands research), biotechnology (vaccinations and pathogen science, medicine, genetics, cell biology, pharmagenomics, embryology, bio-robotics, and anti-ageing research), energy (hydrocarbon, mining, metallurgical, and renewable energy sectors), computing (such as video games, IT security, robotics, nanotechnologies, and space technology), engineering (hybrid-electric automotive technologies), geology (mining and hydro-seismology), and environmental science (water, land use, marine science, meteorology, early warning systems, air pollution, and zoology).

So why aren’t graduates undertaking science careers? The reason is because it’s just not cool — not at secondary school, nor at university, nor in the workforce. Georgetown University’s CEW reported that American science graduates viewed traditional science careers as “too socially isolating.” In addition, a liberal-arts or business education was often regarded as more flexible in a fast-changing job market.

How can governments make science cool? The challenge, says Professor Ian Chubb, head of Australia’s Office of the Chief Scientist, is to make STEM subjects more attractive for students, particularly females — without dumbing down the content. Chubb, in his Health of Australian Science report (May 2012) , indicated that, at research level, Australia has a relatively high scholarly output in science, producing more than 3 percent of world scientific publications yet accounting for only about 0.3 percent of the world’s population. Australian-published scholarly outputs, including fields other than science, grew at a rate of about 5 percent per year between 1999 and 2008. This was considerably higher than the global growth rate of 2.6 percent. But why isn’t this scholarly output translating into public knowledge, interest, and participation in science?

Chubb promotes a two-pronged approach to the dilemma: 1. science education: enhancing the quality and engagement of science teaching in schools and universities; and 2. science workforce: the infusion of science communication into mainstream consciousness to promote the advantages of scientific work.

Specifically, Chubb calls for creative and inspirational teachers and lecturers, as well as an increase in female academics, for positive role modeling, and to set science in a modern context. Instead of restructuring and changing the curriculum, he advocates training teachers to create ways to make mathematics and science more relevant to students’ lives. Communicating about science in a more mainstream manner is also critical to imparting the value of scientific innovation. Chubb is a fan of social media to bring science into the mainstream and to change people’s perception of science careers and scientists. Social media can also bring immediacy to the rigor, analysis, observation and practical components of science.

In practical terms, the recent findings on student attitudes to STEM subjects, their perception of scientific work, and the flow of STEM graduates to their field of expertise, may be improved by positively changing the way governments, scientists, and educators communicate science on a day-to-day level.

Contextual, situational, relevant science education is more likely to establish links between theory and practical application. This can be demonstrated through real-world applications, including science visits and explorations in the local environment, at

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How to crack TNPSC Group 1 exam

The Tamil Nadu Public Service known for conducting various number of competitive exams like Group 1, Group 2, Group 4 and VAO exam (Village Administrative Officer).

These exams are generally conducted for the candidates to recruit for different civil service posts for Tamil Nadu Government. Undoubtedly,Guest Posting Preparing for TNPSC Group 1 exam is not an easy task, the process is lengthy, but you can find it easy if you love your preparation. You don’t want to sacrifice your daily routine to prepare for this exam, only thing you need to do your hobbies side by side as it helps you to make your preparation more fun.

Jobs Covered in TNPSC Exam

District Officer
District Employment Officer (DEO)
Assistant Commissioner (AC)
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
Deputy Collector (DC)

Structure of TNPSC Group 1 exam

TNPSC Group 1 advancement status should begin before the preparation for the exam, first you should know the design pattern and structure of the exams. There are three levels in TNPSC Group 1 exam.

ü Preliminary (Objective type)

ü Descriptive format

ü Direct Interview

Tips to crack TNPSC Group 1 exam

1. Time Regulation

Time management is the important aspect in cracking any exams. You should always want to be conscious while taking the exam. Know the time limit before going to the Group 1 exam. Not only for the exam, should design the time table for your exam based on the syllabus to cover all subjects.

2. Know the Syllabus

The syllabus for every exams should be read wisely, all the topics must be covered seriously one by one and it should be taken up in great detail. You should go through all the subjects, because questions may be taken from every edge of the syllabus.

3. Coaching Centre

The candidate who are going to take TNPSC Group exams can join the coaching institute. It is not necessary to join any institute to pass all the Group exams, it’s just a wise advice to all the candidates to join respective institute. So that you may know the exact scenario of TNPSC Group exams.

4. Go for the last year question papers

At all cost you need to go for the last year TNPSC Group 1 question papers and solve the problems given in the question paper after completing your preparation.

5. Current Affairs

Every candidate must regularly follow the habit of reading newspapers, magazines, articles about the latest national services or any other current updates about environmental activities. More than 15 question will be taken from the national and state newspapers like The Hindu, CSR magazines etc. If you want to answer the questions in your competitive exams, always go through the newspapers. It also improves your communication skills and increase knowledge ability.

6. Health attentiveness

Consume good and nutritious foods. Always consume good and healthy foods while preparing for the TNPSC Group 1 exam. Taking nutritious foods before your exam helps you to keep your body active. Always prefer fresh fruits that fuels your brain and take raw vegetables to your body hydrated. A minimum of 6 hours of sleep per day is important for a candidate who takes Group 1 exam. Always keep your body warmth and active. You can do exercise and involve in physical activities like cycling, skipping, swimming, running etc. to keep your muscle and fitness good. If you do yoga for just 30 minutes per day it will refresh your mind and improves memory ability. Ding all these activities for a day will help you to concentrate for Your TNPSC Group 1 exam.

7. Avoid Unnecessary Habits

Once you choose your path with TNPSC exams, you should strictly avoid the unnecessary habits like smoking, drinking, taking pills, injecting drugs and all kind of drugs. It will surely spoil your life, health and also growth.

8. Analysis

Analysis like question analysis is essential for to crack your Group 1 exam. While taking your Group1 exam, first of all don’t go for answering just examine your question paper so that you can make your answers compatible with given questions.

9. Don’t loss Confident

Stay focused. Always be active in any situation and be confident. Keeping self-confident is the at most ability before and after your exam, so that you can be Assistant Commissioner, Deputy Superintendent of Police, District Employment Officer, Deputy Collector…

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